palmitic acid

palmitic acid
(= n-hexadecanoic acid)
One of the most widely distributed of fatty acids. The palmitoyl residue is one of the common acyl residues of membrane phospholipids. It is also found as a thioester attached to cystein residues on some membrane proteins. The proteins so modified are often transmembrane proteins and the modified residue is on the cytoplasmic surface of the membrane. The specificity of the transferase for the acyl residue is not high and both stearoyl and oleoyl residues can replace the palmitoyl residue. (cf. myristoylation).

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • palmitic acid — [pal mit′ik] n. [Fr palmitique: see PALM1 & ITE1 & IC] a colorless, crystalline fatty acid, CH3 (CH2) 14COOH, found uncombined in palm oil and as the glyceryl ester in other vegetable and animal fats and oils …   English World dictionary

  • Palmitic acid — Chembox new Reference= [ Merck Index , 12th Edition, 7128.] ImageFile=Palmitic acid structure.png ImageSize=350px IUPACName=hexadecanoic acid Section1= Chembox Identifiers CASNo=57 10 3 PubChem=985 SMILES=CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)O Section2= Chembox… …   Wikipedia

  • palmitic acid — palmitino rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CH₂)₁₅COOH atitikmenys: angl. palmitic acid rus. пальмитиновая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – heksadekano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • palmitic acid — A common saturated fatty acid occurring in palm oil and olive oil as well as many other fats and waxes; the end product of mammalian fatty acid synthase. SYN: hexadecanoic acid. * * * pal·mit·ic acid (.)pal .mit ik , (.)pä(l) n a waxy crystalline …   Medical dictionary

  • palmitic acid — noun a saturated fatty acid that is the major fat in meat and dairy products • Syn: ↑hexadecanoic acid • Hypernyms: ↑saturated fatty acid • Substance Holonyms: ↑meat, ↑dairy product …   Useful english dictionary

  • palmitic acid — Chem. a white, crystalline, water insoluble solid, C16H32O2, obtained by hydrolysis from palm oil and natural fats, in which it occurs as the glyceride, and from spermaceti: used in the manufacture of soap. Also called cetylic acid, hexadecanoic… …   Universalium

  • palmitic acid — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from palmitin Date: 1857 a waxy crystalline saturated fatty acid C16H32O2 occurring free or in the form of esters (as glycerides) in most fats and fatty oils and in several essential oils and… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • palmitic acid — noun a) One of the most common saturated fatty acids; it is found in all animal and most vegetable oils and fats; it is used in the manufacture of soap etc. b) hexadecanoic acid, CH(CH)COOH …   Wiktionary

  • palmitic acid — [pal mɪtɪk] noun Chemistry a solid saturated fatty acid obtained from palm oil and other vegetable and animal fats. Origin C19: from Fr. palmitique, from palme (see palm1) …   English new terms dictionary

  • palmitic acid — see fatty acid …   The new mediacal dictionary

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